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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 16, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that's relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think.
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you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. ." and now "bbc world news jane: this is "bbc world news america," i am jane o'brien. says he has -- fire the fbi director, claims --ing his cuba. hundreds of protesters demand justice for those who died in this week's fire. at least 30 have died. every speciesnts
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in an effort to save them for the future. welcome to our viewers in america and around the globe. the president took to twitter. earlier today he said "i am being investigated for firing the fbi director by the man who told me to fire the fbi thattor! witch hunt." sparked this response from a dianne feinstein. "the message he is sending through his tweets is that he believes the role of law doesn't apply to him. she went on to say it was a violation of the president's
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oath of office. for more on trump's comments and the resulting fire storm we can cross to our north american editor at the white house. you need a flow chart to keep up with this investigation. is this just another twist in the plot or something more serious? john: i think this is pretty serious. i don't want to go all british understatement about this. but it is hardly ideal to be under direct investigation by a special counsel so soon into your presidency for obstruction of justice, which is considered to be one of the high crimes and misdemeanors that could lead to impeachment. we are a long way away from all of that. but a ball has been set rolling now. largely, it has to be said because of mr. trump's own actions in the way that he has communicated on some of these things, and it means that their energy is being sucked out of the white house to concentrate on the things that maybe they'd want to talk about to deal with this. i mean, you talk about cuba today. the focus for this week was meant to be jobs. the only growth area i've seen in jobs is for lawyers acting on behalf of key players in the
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russian investigation. the vice president, a key administrator, and also donald trump's personal lawyer would have to take on a lawyer. jane: he could have left well alone. last week james comey said he wasn't under investigation but today donald trump seems to be saying he is under investigation. just how much of this is self-inflicted? >> let's go through your flow chart that you described. we all know there was an investigation going on into the trump campaign's links with russia. then donald trump fired the f.b.i. director, james comey, and the white house and the attorney general and the deputy attorney general gave a set of reasons for why james comey had been fired. donald trump then directly contradicts those reasons, saying it was because of the russia thing. interviewaid in a tv and was reportedly said to sergei lavrov after meeting in the white house that he had been under huge pressure because of the russia investigation and that had now been relieved.
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well, that looks like donald trump fired james comey because of russia. and it now emerges donald trump himself is under direct investigation. he seemed to confirm it himself, saying " i am being aggravated for firing the fbi director." so donald trump by his own , communications, by every utterance on twitter, in interviews, seems to have taken the waters that he is swimming in into much deeper waters, a much more treacherous water. jane: john, even if supporters are saying just put down the twitter, even if he does very briefly, is it too late? has the damage been done? john: well, a considerable amount of damage has been done. look, he's been under advice from everybody under the sun. stop tweeting about this. if you look at the restrained statement that was issued by the white house on the night that the special counsel was appointed almost exactly a month ago, it was, you know, we just want this to happen swiftly. he was told to say nothing but donald trump has been unable to resist the temptation to tweet and make noise and it is having
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consequences. jane: jon sopel, at the white house, thank you very much. as we've mentioned, today's message was supposed to be all about cuba. president trump today announced he was canceling what he called the obama administration's one sided deal which lifted decades of restrictions. mr. trump called for free elections and the release of political prisoners in exchange for lifting sanctions. our correspondent has more on what might change. >> fanfare for another historic announcement on relations with cuba. president trump made it in front of a sympathetic audience. pres. trump: previous administration's easing of restrictions on travel and trade does not help the cuban people. they only enrich the cuban regime. >> he was fulfilling a campaign pledge to cuban americans who believed barack obama's datante
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gave too much to an oppressive cuban government. president trump: i am canceling the last administration's completely one-sided deal with cuba. >> president obama ended decades of cold war hostility with cuba and opened up economic channels choosing engagement with the communist regime. the main result was an american tourist boom. trump will slow that down by enforcing travel restrictions , but not end it. he won't stop cruise ships and airlines. he is also banning business with the commercial arm of the military, which controls much of the economy so that will affect u.s. investment. but he stopped short of breaking diplomatic relations. president trump: going to be a great day for cuba. thank you very much. >> it is a partial rollback aimed at forcing havana to grant more political freedom but the regime has a tendency to dig in under pressure and this may signal a return to an adversarial relationship that only delays reforms.
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bbc news, washington. jane: for more on today's announcement i spoke a brief time ago with a member of the council security administration and helped implement his change to the policy on cuba. mark, this is a partial roll back. what impact will it actually have? >> president trump said he was canceling president obama's policy. in fact, he is not. he is retaining the vast majority of the policy. he is not breaking relations with cuba or closing our embassy. the u.s. airlines will continue to be able to fly to havana and other cities. cruise ships will dock there. cuban americans will be able to send remittances to their families, collaboration with the cuban government will continue on a range of issues, the environment, drug trafficking, terrorism. that said, there are two big, significant changes. one is that individual travelers, americans want to travel there, will now have to go through a tourist group rather than on their own. it'll be more costly and more complicated. and second, business transactions that involve the military, that benefit the military in cuba will be
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prohibited. jane: what's wrong with that? one of the things president trump also said is sanctions won't be lifted until political prisoners are released, human rights are respected, and there are elections. i mean, surely that's a good thing. >> to the extent we're going back to a policy that failed for five decades, we tried to isolate cuba for 50 years and that policy didn't work. in fact, instead of isolating cuba we isolated our own country. every year at the united nations there is a vote on the u.s. embargo on cuba and we lose about 190-4. we get israel, we get palau, and the marshall islands. that is not very helpful to us. -- we didn'ty influence economic reform. president obama's approach was to empower the cuban people, give them more resources and access to information. i was in cuba last week and saw the impact the policy is having and i had a chance to go to private restaurants, to markets, and i saw how the spending by american visitors is benefiting these private entrepreneurs because one in four cubans work , in the private sector.
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jane: as somebody who does know the country very well, you travel there regularly, what do you think the reaction will be from the cuban government? >> invariably we'll see reports from your reporters in havana and other reporters -- and they're going to be talking -- first, the cuban people i think, are going to protest. because they're benefiting from the engagement with americans and they'll say i don't understand this. president trump says he wants to help us. why is he hurting us? i think the cuban government is going to be pragmatic. i think they understand president trump actually represents a minority of opinion in the united states. public opinion polls show the vast majority of americans support what president obama did. most cuban americans support it as well. there is majority support in congress to lift the embargo to allow trade and travel to cuba. so, i think the momentum behind the policy is going to continue, behind president obama's policy is going to continue, and i think we'll see engagement continue. jane: very briefly, he did paint a very bleak picture of cuba. is it that bad? >> well, certainly human rights remain a challenge there.
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and clearly, dissent is stifled. people do not have freedom of expression as people should have, they don't have the freedom of press they should enjoy. they do not have free and fair elections. those are things we hope the people will have some day. president obama's approach is he believed the best way to do that was to empower the people and give them resources to control their own destiny because history shows isolating cuba does not work. jane: thank you very much for joining me. >> thank you. jane: angry protests have been held in london as residents demand support for those affected by the massive fire which ripped through an apartment building earlier this week. police say at least 30 people are now confirmed to have died in the blaze. the bbc understands the total number of people who are dead or missing so far is around 70. the bbc's jeremy cook reports. [chanting] jeremy this is what happens when : grief turns to anger. >> we want justice! we want justice!
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jeremy the target is kensington : town hall, the offices of the council which owns the tower. they're demanding answers. >> we have things to say. and we need to be heard. we all have something to say. >> i understand it is not satisfactory. jeremy: they want to hear from the local authority officials who they hold responsible. how could this tragedy have happened on this scale in this city? it's 2017. >> the whole procedure is chaos. we are sent from hospital to hospital. why do we have to go out and actively look for our families and then be told misinformation, that they're possibly alive, making us call family members and then someone else?
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we live in a modern world. why is it carried out like this? it doesn't make sense! jeremy: today, again in the shadow of a grenfell tower, there was a different kind of response. it is an overwhelming community tragedy still being met with an overwhelming community response. >> all the missing people. jeremy: a continuing grass roots mobilization. they're doing all they can. and visited today by royalty. a time to reflect and to thank -- but the queen and prince william left in no doubt of the agony and the grief here. royal protocol leaves raw emotion. >> could you tell us who they
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are in the picture? >> families, friends, okay? not my children. my family and friends. all of them that died in there are my family and friends and children. go to the media. show it to the policeman. show it to the fireman. you're not doing the right job. jeremy: the rescue crews are still making their way through the building. it's hard to imagine a more challenging task. dangerous and slow work. it is why the official death toll remains so much lower than what the people here expect. and what they fear. >> the building itself is in a very hazardous state. it is going to take a period of time for our specialists both the police and the london fire brigade: to fully search that building to make
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sure we locate and recover everybody that is sadly perished in that fire. we will be doing that as swiftly as we can. absolutely. i completely understand the need for those who lost loved ones, as quick as we can, we are able to confirm that. jeremy: tonight, the government announced what it called a comprehensive package of support for the victims. four the people here, it can't come soon enough. >> anger, frustration, disappointment, people are out here looking for family and friends. >> we haven't seen anyone in the authority who, you know, we can give some responsibility to. there was no one here. >> i have friends who died in there. but nobody is telling us. we have friends that died in there. you hear what i'm saying. jeremy what do you think it is? : >> they're not bringing out the truth. need to talk the truth. teresa may, none of us. she don't do nothing. when it was manchester and everything else, she was all about the place.
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no truth. jeremy: investigations, inquests, inquiries will take months, perhaps years to complete. the people here believe they already have a fundamental understanding of this tragedy. that the fire swept through the building at breathtaking pace and there are so many people from this neighborhood who have lost their lives. >> where are the children? [chanting] jeremy the general belief here : tonight the hardest of truths is that there are dozens of missing among the dead. and so, three days later, the fire is out. london rumbles on. and grenfell tower, 127 homes, stands monument to the lives of the families who have been lost. jeremy cook, bbc news, north kensington. mounting the and anger in london. a quick look at other news now,
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minnesota, a police officer italy shot and african american. castile's killing was captured on facebook here he was found not guilty. hasmerican lady destroy all collided with a vessel off of japan. the damage to u.s. personnel is still being determined. the pentagon says it has no information to confirm a claim that the russian military may have killed the head of a russian -- and isis head. abu bakr al-baghdadi may have been killed. ofre have been other reports abu bakr al-baghdadi's death. of germanycellor
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died at age 87. we look back at his life and legacy. the increased threat of terrorism prompted australia to announce gun amnesty in an effort to curb illegal weapons. an correspondent has announcement. the threat of a gun crime has come to feel very real in recent weeks. earlier this week, a man with a shotgunf barricaded himself, the attacker was a shot dead, but not before he killed another man. of a siegememories which also involved a man armed with an illegal weapon. both described by authorities as
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terror. true terrorying attacks in australia, illegal guns have been used. following a massacre in 1996, australia imposed a bout -- a band on automatic and semiautomatic weapons along with strict licensing. and an effort to buy back guns. this time there will not be a cash incentive. intelligence reports suggesting ine than one million weapons circulation, the aim is to stop them of reaching the wrong hands. partners, nowen is the time to run and other national amnesty. have threers will
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months to hand over their weapons, after that they will risk a half the fine or 14 years in jail. jane: helmut kohl, the man who presided over germany as the chancellor for 16 years has died. paul adams looks back on his life. ended, helmut war overseemed to tower everything around him. as a child, he witnessed the destruction of his country. the second world war inspired his lifelong desire to unify germany and europe.
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he became chancellor in 1952. he was top and new how to wield power. when history came calling, he was ready. the berlin wall, a moment of your furl -- euphoria and for helmut kohl a chance to put his country back together. heap eat -- he pursued the new european union with the new currency, the euro. his career ended in scandal, but his legacy is assured. >> we can all recall what he did in office. he will live on and our memory as the great chancellor bringing unity.
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tonight, asels gesture of respect at the headquarters of the european union. the eu may not be as confidence -- competent as it once was, but germany is stronger than ever. and: paul adams on the life legacy of helmut kohl. we all know of the story of noah and his work, while this man is doing his -- using his camera to save animals in danger. as part of a project for national geographic he is documenting every species living in captivity. a brief time ago i spoke to him about it. thanks so much for coming in. >> my pleasure. jane: these photographs are like portraits. how do you get the animals to cooperate? >> well, we work with zoos and aquariums and wildlife rehab centers and private breeders around the world and we find that they -- they're all very -- most are very willing to have us
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in. they have a pretty big inventory of the best animals the world has to offer in terms of things that have been hand-raised. and so they're quite tame. most things. they're not trained but they are used to having people around them all their lives, most of these animals. most of them. and so when we go in, we've worked with the zoo, let's say for weeks in advance. and if it's a tiger, they've already prepped a space in white and so when we get there the tiger just thinks he is coming in to have lunch on a white background. sometimes it is as simple as that. most of the time, the shoots are very quick. especially with birds. with birds a lot of time we bring them into a shooting tap and maybe the shoot lasts a minute or two and then they're released back into their enclosures. >> do they have personalities? >> oh, yes. they are a lot smarter than anybody gives them credit for. for most animals, i think, well
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i don't know that i'm any , smarter than this animal i'm looking at. they are playing and malicious and angry and tired and excited and jubilant. just like us, most animals. and so we hope the eye contact gets people to realize that they're so worth preserving. i mean we need them ourselves to , survive. we have to have bees and butterflies to bring fruits and vegetables we eat. we need intact rain forests to bring rain. it is important to preserve the natural world. jane: one of the saddest parts of your job is you have photographed animals that have become extinct afterward. >> yes i have. people say don't you get depressed? i say a little but mostly i'm inspired to tell their story. i'm their voice. most of the animals i photograph are not tigers and orangutans. they're sparrows and toads and newts and small fresh water fish nobody has ever heard of. we're trying to get people to realize as these other species go away, lost to extinction, so could humanity. we are very tied together. one of my favorites is the fennec fox. it's gorgeous.
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>> with the giant ears. yes. >> what are the ears for? >> they dissipate heat. they live in a hot area in deserts. they also are used to hear predators coming. they're used to hear prey. they think these animals communicate in sound waves we can't hear. so they're like antenna in a way, in many ways. jane: joel what inspired you to , do this project? >> well, i have been a national contract photographer for 25 or 26 years. and about half way through my wife got breast cancer and she was in -- sick for a year on chemo and radiation and i was home and taking care of our three kids. i've never been grounded before where i had the chance to sit and think. and i thought about the magazine stories i'd done. i'd done 25 stories and they'd all come and go in a month. they would last a month, right? really to move the needle and get the public to start caring about the world around us, maybe these portraits of the animals where we look them in the eye would stick around. they've really gotten traction, which is very satisfying. jane: joel felt tory, thank you
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very much. >> a pleasure. jane: a stunning way to start the weekend. you can find all the day's news on our website. thank you for watching "bbc world news america." >> make sense of international news at bbc.com\international news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that's relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends
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can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: >> i am canceling the last administration's completely one-sided deal with cuba. >> woodruff: president trump rolls back some of obama's efforts to normalize u.s.-cuba relations, reviving travel restrictions to the communist nation. then, i sit down with retired general david petreaus to ask about the trump administration's military strategy, including reports that it will send 4,000 more troops to afghanistan. >> we need to recognize that we went there for a reason, and we are staying there for a reason, to ensure that afghanistan is not once again a sanctuary for al qaeda or other transnational

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